Self Improvement Orientation Schemes

Self-Improvement Orientation Scheme- Self Report (SOS-SR)

Author: David J. Simourd, Ph.D.

Purpose: Assess amenability for lifestyle change.

Description: The SOS and SOS-SR are companion assessment instruments designed to measure an individual’s amenability toward enhancing his/her life or current functioning. The SOS is interview based while the SOS-SR is a self-report questionnaire consisting of 83 items. Both instruments examine 13 domains that have been identified in the clinical psychology literature as related to positive lifestyle change outcomes. These domains broadly examine personality traits (e.g., Openness, Cognitive Perspective), tendencies (e.g., Motivation Level, Self-Improvement Expectancy), and situational factors (e.g., Social Support, Environmental Support). For the SOS, each domain is rated on a 3-point scale with higher scores indicating individual has strength in the domain. For the SOS-SR, questions are answered using a 5-point response format (e.g., strongly agree to strongly disagree). In both instruments, scores are summed to yield a Total Score and Subscale scores for each domain. Higher scores on the SOS or SOS-SR indicate greater amenability to change.

Psychometric Information: The SOS and SOS-SR currently has normative data among adult inmates and college students. Internal consistency (i.e., Cronbach Alpha) estimates for the Total Score range between .79 and .82.

Applications: The SOS or SOS-SR can be used either for case classification contexts (e.g., intake, exit, or one-time assessments) and as a measure of treatment performance (e.g., pre-treatment and post-treatment comparisons).